Edward S. Kellogg testifying for the prosecution
I was in the military service of the United States. I was in the 20th new York regiment. I was captured. I was taken to Belle Island. From thence I was taken to Andersonville. I arrived there the 1st of March, 1864.
I saw the cripple they called "Chickamauga" shot; he was shot at the south gate. He was in the habit of going off, I believe, to the outside of the gate to talk to officers and the guard, and he wanted to go off this day for something or other. I believe that he was afraid of some of our own men. He went inside the dead-line and asked to be let out. The refused to let him out, and he refused to go outside the dead-line. Captain Wirz came in on his horse and told the man to go outside the dead-line, and went off. After Captain Wirz rode out of the gate the man went inside the dead-line, and Captain Wirz ordered the guard to shoot him, and he shot him. The man lost his right leg, I believe, just above the knee. They called him "Chickamauga." I think he belonged to the Western army and was captured at Chickamauga. I think that was in May. I will not be certain as to the time.
I saw other men shot while I was there.
I do not know their names. They were Federal prisoners. The first man I
saw shot was shortly after the dead-line was established. I think it was
in May. He was shot near the brook, on the east side of the stockade. At
that time there was no railing; there was simply posts struck along where
they were going to put the dead-line, and this man, in crossing, simply
stepped inside one of the posts, and the sentry shot him. He failed to
kill him, but wounded him. I don't know his name. I saw a man shot at the
brook; he had just come in. He belonged to some regiment in Grant's army.
I think this was about the first part of July or the latter part of June.
He had just come in and knew nothing about the dead-line. There was no
railing across the brook, and nothing to show that there was any such thing
as a dead-line there. He came into the stockade, and after he had been
shown his place where he was to sleep he went along to the brook to get
some water. It was very dark, and a number of men were there, and he went
above the rest so as to get better water. He went beyond the dead-line,
and two men fired at him and both hit him. He was killed and fell right
into the brook. I do not know the man's name. I saw other men shot. I do
not know exactly how many. I saw several. It was a common occurrence.
This excerpt obtained by Troy Drew from the trial record as quoted in The Andersonville Prison Trial: The Trial of Captain Henry Wirz, by General N.P. Chipman, 1911.