Schact Analysis

18 U. S. C. § 702:  It is a crime for any person "without authority [to wear] the uniform or a distinctive part thereof . . . of any of the armed forces of the United States . . ." 

10 U. S. C. § 772 (f), provides an exception to 18 U. S.C. § 702, when the person wearing the uniform is doing so: "(f) While portraying a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, an actor in a theatrical or motion-picture production may wear the uniform of that armed force if the portrayal does not tend to discredit that armed force."

Language in red is seen as an unconstitutional content-based distinction by all 9 justices.

Three justices would rely on language in green to send the case back to a lower court for a determination as to whether Schact's skit was a theatrical production.

Hypo:  Could Congress amend
§ 772 (f) to limit theatrical productions to productions involving five or more persons?
Hypo:  Under the existing law could a one-person skit be a theatrical production?