The President shall be Commander
in Chief of the Army and Navy of the
United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when
the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in
writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments,
upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices,
he shall have Power to grant
Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against
the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and
Senate, to make Treaties,
provided two thirds of the Senators present
and he shall nominate, and by and
with the Advice and Consent of the
shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges
the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States,
are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established
Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior
Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts
Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies
happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions
expire at the End of their next Session.
He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the
State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures
as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary
convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement
them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to
Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other
Ministers; he shall take Care that
the Laws be faithfully executed, and
shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.