The Boston Massacre
landing in Boston (Revere)
|October 30, 1735
||John Adams is born in Boston.
|March 22, 1765
||Enactment of the Stamp Act,
tax on all printed materials. The Stamp Act proves highly
in Massachusetts and other colonies.
|March 18, 1766
||The Stamp Act is repealed, but
day the parliament passes the Declaratory Act asserting its right to
the colonies by its laws.
||The Townshend Revenue Act of
the use of writs in order to locate goods subject to custom
The Act is detested by many Bostonians.
|May 9, 1768
||John Hancock's sloop Liberty
in Boston with a cargo of wine. A customs official is temporarily
held hostage as the wine is unloaded without payment of the required
duties.e Liberty is seized.
|June 10, 1768
||Based on a report of the May 9
violation and rough treatment of a customs official, the Liberty
is seized. Rioters attack customs officials.
|Sept. 28, 1768
||Two regiments of British
in Boston to deal with growing unrest. They are quartered in
public places throughout the city.
||Francis Bernard resigns as
Massachusetts Province. He is replaced by Acting Governor Thomas
|March 2, 1770
||Civilians and British soldiers
John Gray's Ropewalk in the Fort Hill section of Boston. One of the
involved in the fighting is Matthew Killroy, later convicted of
in the Boston Massacre trial.
|March 5, 1770
||A crowd of Bostonians begins
chunks of ice, oyster shells, piece of coal and other objects at a
guard near the Custom House. Captain Thomas Preston orders the
guard out to protect the sentry and restore order. After a
is hit with a stick, he yells "fire!" and shoots into the crowd.
Other shots follow. When the shooting stops, five civilians lay
wounded. The incident becomes known as "the Boston Massacre."
|March 6, 1770
||Captain Preston is arrested,
and sent to jail. Lt. Governor Hutchinson calls for calm. A
group of angry citizens gather in Faneuil Hall, where they call for the
immediate removal of all British troops. John Adams and Josiah
agree to defend Preston and the soldiers.
|March 8, 1770
||The first four victims of the
are buried in the Granary Burying Ground. All shops are
Church bells ring throughout the city of Boston.
|March 12, 1770
||Captain Preston offers his views
events of March 5 in a deposition.
|March 13, 1770
||A grand jury indicts Captain
eight soldiers are indicted for murder in connection with the massacre.
|March 16, 1770
||A frigate carrying reports and
of Hutchinson relating the events of March 5 leaves Boston bound for
|March 17, 1770
||The fifth and last victim of the
Patrick Carr, is buried in the Granary Burying Ground.
||Advice from London concerning
of prosecutions for deaths and injuries resulting from the March 5
|April 28, 1770
||Preston's account of events, and
about the Boston public, are published in the London paper, Public
|June 21-25, 1770
||Captain Preston's London letter,
to his dismay, is published in Boston papers, turning public sentiment
||Copies of A Short Narrative
Horrid Massacre in Boston begin circulating in Boston. The
is seen as an attempt to influence potential jurors in the upcoming
|Sept. 7, 1770
||Preston and the soldiers are
arraigned on charges of murder. All plead "Not Guilty."
|Oct. 21, 1770
||The eight soldiers appeal from
be tried along with their captain. Their request is denied.
|Oct. 24-30, 1770
||Captain Preston is tried.
acquits Preston after the evidence fails to establish that he gave the
order to fire.
|Nov. 27, 1770
||The trial of the eight soldiers
|Dec. 5, 1770
||Six of the soldiers are
acquitted on all
charges. Two soldiers, Montgomery and Killroy are convicted of
|Dec. 14, 1770
||Montgomery and Killroy plead
of clergy" to reduce their punishment to branding. Sheriff
brands the two men on their right thumbs.
|Late Dec., 1770
||Captain Preston sails for
He receives 200 pounds in compensation for his troubles relating to the
|Dec. 16, 1773
||In a act of protest against the
of 1773, a gang of men with blackened faces board three ships and dump
their cargo of tea into Boston harbor. The Boston Tea Party leads
to the Port Act, closing the port of Boston to all commerce, and to the
quartering of troops in Boston.
|March 5, 1774
||On the fouth anniversary of the
Massacre, John Hancock delivers an eloquent and spirited oration to a
|Sept. 5, 1774
||With the spirit of independence
the first Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia.
|April 19, 1775
||Paul Revere makes his famous
ride to warn citizens of the arrival of British troops. The
Revolution is about to begin.
||The General Court of
to erect a monument honoring the victims of the Boston Massacre.
The Massachusetts Historical Society expresses its disapproval.
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