||Detroit's black population is 7,000. Auto sales begin to increase
rapidly, requiring many new workers. A massive migration to Detroit
is about to begin.
||Membership in the Ku Klux Klan in Detroit totals 3,000.
||Dr. Ossian Sweet meets and marries Gladys Mitchell.
||Membership in the KKK in Detroit totals 22,000
|Oct. 21, 1923
||KKKers riot at an anti-Klan rally.
||Between 25,000 and 50,000 KKKers attend a rally in Dearborn township.
||John Smith narrowly defeats Klan-supported candidate Charles Bowles
to become Detroit's new mayor.
||Ossian and Gladys Sweet return to Detroit after an extended stay
||Ossian Sweet signs purchase agreement to buy for $18,500 a house
at 2905 Garland, in an all-white Detroit neighborhood. He plans to
move into his new home with his family in July.
|June 23, 1925
||An angry white mob forces Dr. Alexander Turner, a black doctor,
from a home he had newly purchased in a previously all-white neighborhood
|July 7, 1925
||Several hundred whites, many of them armed, gather in front of the
home of Vollington Bristol only hours after he moved into his home in a
previously all-white neighborhood.
|July 10, 1925
||Four thousand whites surround the home of John Fletcher, a black,
one day after he moved into it. The crowd shouts "Lynch him!" and
hurls bricks, rocks, and coal at the house. The next day Fletcher
and his family, fearing for their lives, move out.
|July 14, 1925.
||A meeting of "the Waterworks Park Improvement Association" is held
at the Howe school to discuss the impending move of Ossian Sweet into his
home on Garland Avenue. The main speaker at the meeting was the head
of the group that organized for the eviction of Dr. Turner.
|Late July, 1925
||Ossian Sweet decides to postpone his move into his home on Garland.
|Sept. 8, 1925
||After telling the police of his intentions, Dr. Sweet and his family
move into their new home on Garland. That night a crowd of 500 to
800 people gather outside the Sweet home.
|Sept. 9, 1925
||A large crowd again gathers in front of the Sweet home.
Rocks are thrown against the house. At 8:25 in the evening shots
ring out from an upper-floor room in the Sweet home. One of the bullets
strikes and kills Leon Breiner. Eleven occupants of the Sweet home
(all occupants except a one-year-old baby) are arrested.
|Sept. 10, 1925
||Police announce that the eleven occupants of the Sweet home will
be charged with first-degree murder.
|Sept. 16, 1925
||A three-day preliminary hearing begins in Recorder's Court on St.
|Oct. 2, 1925
||Judge Frank Murphy denies bail for ten of the defendants.
Gladys Sweet is released on $5,000 bail.
|Oct. 7, 1925
||The NAACP contacts Darrow and asks him to represent Sweet and the
other defendants in their upcoming trial.
|Oct. 30, 1925
||The trial of The People of Michigan v. Ossian Sweet et al.
|Nov. 3, 1925
||Mayor Smith is re-elected, defeating Klan-backed candidate Bowles,
140,000 to 110,000.
|Nov. 8, 1925
||Clarence Darrow address an African-American audience at the Detroit
|Nov. 17-19, 1925
||Ossian Sweet testifies.
|Nov. 25, 1925
||The case goes to the jury.
|Nov. 27, 1925
||After 46 hours of deliberation, the jury says it is unable to reach
a verdict. Judge Murphy declares a mistrial and dismisses the jury.
||Judge Murphy releases all defendants on bail.
||The Sweet house is set on fire, but the blaze is extinguished before
it causes major damage.
|April 19, 1926
||The trial of The People of Michigan v. Henry Sweet begins.
(Henry Sweet is the occupant who fired the bullet that killed Breiner.)
|May 11, 1926
||Darrow delivers a seven-hour closing argument for the defense in
the Sweet trial.
|May 13, 1926
||After four hours of deliberations, the jury returns with its verdict
of "Not Guilty."
|July 21, 1927
||Prosecutor Toms finally dismisses all charges against the remaining
||Leon Breiner's widow sues Sweet for $150,000, claiming he wrongfully
caused the death of her husband. The suit is eventually dismissed.
||Ossian Sweet, after failing to find a buyer for his house, moves
back into his home on Garland.
||Sweet sells his Garland Avenue home.
||Justice Frank Murphy dissents in Korematsu v. United States,
a landmark decision of the U. S. Supreme Court upholding a wartime exclusion
order directed against Japanese-Americans.
|March 19, 1960
||Dr. Ossian Sweet commits suicide.
||Forty-three persons are killed in six days of racial rioting in
Detroit. The riots destroy the dental offices of Dr. Otis Sweet and
he retires from practice.
Sweet Trials Page