|Protection for Slaves
New Amsterdam, as New York was first called, is under Dutch rule,
laws were passed to prevent the
mistreatment of slaves. Whipping was forbidden unless the owner
received permission from authorities. Manumission of slaves was
|Legal Protection for Slavery
||When the British take control of New York, slavery is
|"A Proclamation Prohibiteing ye
Intertainement of Negers"
||The New York Common Council passes a law, "A
Proclamation Prohibiteing ye Intertainement of Negers." The law
prohibited the sale of "White Rumm and other Strong Liquors" to blacks.
|"An Act for the Regulateing of Slaves"
trade with a slave without his master's consent; the recipient of the
goods was fined five pounds plus three times the value of the item.
|"An Act for the suppressing and punishing
the conspiracy and insurrection of Negroes and
||The New York Assembly, following a slave revolt, passed
"An Act for the suppressing and punishing the conspiracy and
insurrection of Negroes and other Slaves." The law authorized
slave owners "to punish their slaves for their Crimes and Offences at
Discretion, not extending to Life or Member." Slaves found guilty
of murder, rape, arson, or assault were to "suffer the pains of Death
in such manner and with such circumstances as the aggravation or
enormity of their Crimes...shall merit and require." The law also
prohibited free blacks ("an Idle slothfull people") from owning real
property. Finally, the law effectively ended the practice of
freeing slaves by requiring any owner manumitting a slave to pay
£200 to the government and
a £20 annuity to the freed slave.
|"An Act for the more effectual preventing
and punishing the conspiracy
and insurrection of negro and other slaves and for better regulating
|The New York Assembly
consolidated slave codes passed in the past three decades ("An Act for
the more effectual preventing and punishing the conspiracy and
insurrection of negro and other slaves and for better regulating
them"). The law made it a crime for any slave to possess or use
"any gun Pistoll sword Club or any other Kind of Weapon." The law
also made it illegal for three or more slaves to meet at any time
unless "in some servile imployment for their Master or Mistress."
Slaves were also prohibited from being on the streets after dark except
with their master, and prohibited from using the streets in a
|"A Law for Regulating Negro's & Slaves
in the Night Time"
New York Common Council enacted an ordinance providing "that no Negro,
Mullato or Indian Slave, shall appear in the Streets of this City,
above an hour after Sun-set without a candle and Lanthorn, on penalty
of being Whipt at the Publick Whipping Post."
|"A Law to Prohibit Negroes and Other Slaves
Vending Indian Corn Peaches or any other Fruit with this City"
New York Common Council, in response to fears that blacks spread
disease in their fruits and vegetables, prohibited blacks from selling
their own produce
in city streets or public markets. Violators were subject to whipping
unless their owner paid
a fine of six shillings.