[May 8, 1886 (New York Times)]
Breaking up their
Haunts in Chicago.
Forced to Seek
Places – The Disorderly Element Thoroughly Frightened – The Strikes.
May 7. – The war is over, unless indications are out of joint. The Anarchist has sought his hole and is
burrowing as deeply as fear and the police will allow him.
His braggadocio is a thing of the past, and
when he comes within sight of a blue coat he no longer looks ferocious
shakes his fist; he has an attack of ague and slinks out of sight like
whipped hound. The police enjoy the
situation. They feel that the public is
on their side and handle their clubs with a vim they lacked a week ago. Woe to the Anarchist who forms the nucleus of
a crowd. He is shown no mercy.
The Bohemian quarter is as quiet
as Wall Street on
Sunday. The streets there are deserted
and no heads are seen at the windows.
The Bohemian women have been taught a lesson.
They acted like tigresses on the night of the
shooting, and the following day. They
developed mote courage, as well as ferocity and venom, than the men and
so little of the woman in their words or actions that the police in
defense were compelled at times to forget the sex of their assailants. Six of these women called upon the Mayor
today and complained of the conduct of the police.
They were warned not to interfere with the
latter and they would have nothing to fear.
There is hardly an Anarchist in
the city who is not in a
tremor for fear of a domiciliary visit from the police.
Search warrants are no longer considered
necessary and suspicious houses are being ransacked at all hours of the
night. Two guns and lot of cartridges
and some packages of dynamite were found at the house of William
Seliger, No. 442 Sedgwick
this morning. The man was arrested and
almost had a fit from fright. He seemed
relieved to be thrust into a cell. He is
a cabinetmaker. An old fashioned shell
was found in the lumber yard of Charles Reetz on Canal Street today.
It was tenderly conveyed to the Central Station.
None of the officers were curious enough to
examine its contents. A descent was also
made today on No. 741
Loomis street by a squad of police. In the basement lives Weisl Thorek, a
carpenter. The house was searched and a
musket, revolver, a half keg powder, and a quantity of Socialistic
including Most’s instructions on the manufacture of dynamite were found. Thorek was locked up. He
denies that he is a member of any secret
organization. The Anarchists, as a rule,
had from Russia, Poland, Hungary,
and Bohemia. Nine-tenths of the Socialists here are Slavs,
or a mixture of the Slavonic and Teutonic races.
August and Chris Spies and Schwab are resting
hail. Mrs. Spies, the mother of the
prisoners, is very much worried over her sons’ “misfortune.” She insists that August never could have done
what has been attributed to him and that had he known what would happen
would never have gone to the meeting last Tuesday.
Her son Henry W. Spies, who lives at No. 60 McReynolds Street,
has been married three years. He is a
cigar manufacturer. He is now lying at
home suffering from a wound in the groin.
He says he received the wound during the shooting Tuesday night. He was at Tepf’s saloon, at the corner of Lake and Desplaines streets, on business, Tepf
old customer of his. Just as he was
leaving the saloon and stepping our on the street he was struck by a
but wife said he had never had anything to do with the Anarchists, but
often tried to persuade his brother August to give them up, or at least
Fielden is suffering considerably from the wound
leg. The ball entered the front and came
out three inches below the cap. The
hospital physician says that the wound was self-inflicted, and that the
revolver Fielden carried in his hand while running away was probably
accidentally. Fielden denies that he
shot himself, but is unable to combat the physicians’ theory.
Parsons is still at large.
The police declare that they will yet catch him.
Had it not been for the mistake of a
policeman he would now be in custody.
When the police made a raid on the Arbeiter
Zeitung office a man attempted to enter.
The policeman who guarded the door refused him entrance, and
to “clear out.” Parsons did so at
once. When the Anarchist’s photograph
was shown to the police yesterday the officer who stood guard at the Arbeiter Zeitung office exclaimed: “Be
gob, that’s the man I wouldn’t let in the day we made the raid.” Mrs. Parsons called at the Central Station
today. She wanted to see the
prisoners. The request was denied. The woman had been crying.
Her domineering manner has disappeared.
The first number of the Arbeiter
Zeitung published since Tuesday appeared today, but in a greatly
from. After complaining that the entire
staff from the “devil” up had been arrested the editor makes the
see, workingmen, from this that the ruling classes have realized the
power of a
workingman’s paper better than the workingmen themselves have done. Now we want to show you the workingmen’s
party is perhaps for the rime being a little troubled but that it
crushed. We now appeal to you,
workingmen of Chicago! You have seen that a workingman’s movement
without a workingman’s paper is impossibility.
Nach one of you should therefore work to this end, that in the
wherein you move the paper be rested comrades.
Should further arrests take place there will others step into
our places. We shall continue the fight
for liberty and
right which this paper ever wages to the terror of the robbing
their deeds, and in their faces we fling our motto which is “Down with
everything that resists us,” and inform them that this sentiment is too
rooted in the people to be exterminated by the imprisonment of a few
especially where the movement is of such gigantic dimensions. Forward and unceasingly forward will the
movement continue in spite of chicanery of the ruling classes. Force engenders force. The
truth of this axiom has been proved by
others, and with us it is not going to be a fiasco.
Now, once mote, workingmen do your duty and
we will do ours. If for a short time we
can only issue our paper in small form we beg our readers to excuse us
account of the circumstances under which we are compelled to work: We
all we can in a short time to be complete.”
The sale of the paper was not
interfered with. The bomb thrower has not
yet been identified,
and few except the police think he will be placed.
So far no “squealers” have been found among
A double inquest was held at the County Hospital
today by Coroner Hertz, in the cases of Policemen John J. Barrett and
Mueller, victims of Tuesday night’s riot.
The jury returned the following verdict:
said George F. Mueller came to his death the 6th day of May,
1886, from shock and hemorrhage caused by a ball shot out of a pistol
hand of a person unknown to this jury while performing his duty in
suppress an unlawful assembly, May 4, 1886, at the northeast corner of
Desplaines street and Randolph street, and we, the jury, recommend that
said unknown person be apprehended and committed to the county jail
bail and we further recommend that August Spies and Samuel Fielden and
Schwab and A.R. Parsons be committed as accessories, without bail to
jail, said August spies, Samuel Fielden and A.R. Parsons having, with
advice of Michael Schwab made incendiary and inflammatory speeches,
such unlawful assembly.”
Two undertakers wished to take possession of the
Policeman Mueller and they had a ghastly row about the matter while the
Coroner’s jury was in session.
It is understood that a special Grand Jury will
called to indict the imprisoned Anarchists.
Several prominent criminal lawyers say they can undoubtedly be
Officer Matthew Joseph Deegan, the first victim of
murderous bomb, was buried today in St. Boniface Cemetery.
The funeral was not largely attended on
account of the general excitement. Six
officers acted as pall bearers. Deegan
was a man of immense stature. He was
over 6 feet in height and weighed 300 pounds.
Officer Flavin had a leg amputated today. His
wife begged that it should not be taken
off, until told that amputation was his only chance of recovery. Officers Redin and Jacob and Nels Hanson are
not yet out of danger. Officer Madden,
who was shot by Laffelhardt, is getting better, while Laffelhardt, whom
in return, is dying. Officer Murphy,
whose foot was blown off by the bomb, suffers much pain, but it is
recover. Schumacher, who was in the
crowd from which the bomb was thrown, is at death’s door.
The striking railroad freight
handlers and switch tenders
have not been able to drag to their side any other railroad employees. The impression is general that the switch
tenders or points men as they are called in England. They number only 30 men and are employed by
the Chicago and Western Indiana Railroad.
The tracks of this road are used in entering the city by the
Trunk, Chicago and Eastern Illinois, Wabash, Louisville, new-Albany and
Chicago, and Chicago Atlantic. Though
few in number, the strike of these men has caused the roads much
as neither engineers, firemen, nor switchmen consider it their duty to
switches, and under ordinary circumstances would not be called upon to
Nearly all the roads received
notice today from the switch
tenders that unless they were granted an increase of 20 per cent, in
wages they would strike by this evening.
They were promptly informed that owing to the present stagnation
business their demand could not be granted and that any man who stopped
work may consider himself discharged and need not expect to be
re-employed. The managers say they
expected this move on the part of the switch tenders and that new
men have been brought there to take the places of the strikers. In order to prevent interference on the part
of the strikers outside of the city limits when the regular city police
be brought into requisition, they have engaged a large number of
for special duty until all danger has passed.
The freight handlers bitterly denounce the
the latter do not refuse to move cars loaded by men who have taken
their places. Railway officials are well
satisfied with the
progress made in their freight houses on the whole.
They are handling nearly as much freight as
at any time before the strike. The Chicago, Milwaukee
Paul authorities think that their new men are doing more work
than the old ones did, and attribute this to the fact that the men are
fed, get plenty of sleep, and have no opportunity to fill up with
stimulants. Very few of these old men
have turned up at any of the houses and the local agents say that none
new men will be discharged to make room for those of the strikes who
exhibit a desire to rerun. The Fort Wayne is
all business offered at the Madison and Van Buren street houses. The Eighteenth street transfer house
will be opened Monday at the
latest. Some of the old men who were
force out by the strikers have returned and are at work.
No local switching is being done as yet, but
this trouble, it is thought, will be over by Monday.
There are 125 men at work, and 75 more will
give them as many as they usually employ.
The Chicago and Alton
and Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Roads were
everything offered and delivering everything called for.
The special police on the latter line were
given a little something to do when a number of striking freight
switch tenders drove the engineers and firemen from their engines, but
crowd left when the police appeared.
The Receivers of the Wabash
experienced a great change of heart yesterday as to their desire to
Gresham appoint Deputy Marshals, after his very sharp opinion on their
application and yesterday Mr. Tutt appeared before the judge and said
going down to the company’s yards to look over the situation of affairs. He appeared in the course of two hours and
reported that the road was receiving and forwarding all freight offered
here was at present no necessity for action on the part of the Court. There were small squads of strikers in the
neighborhood but they wee giving no trouble.
For the time being therefore, he desired to withdraw his
the local authorities were ample to protect the company’s property. The judge reiterated his remarks of the day
that the Receivers who had denied his jurisdiction only 10 days ago
ought to be
consistent in their conduct, and not turn around and come to him as
there was any trouble. He considered he
had jurisdiction of the case and should use his power promptly if it
become necessary. The probability is,
however that the Receivers will not call on him, as to recognize his
jurisdiction might put an awkward phase on the recent sale of the road,
has never been approved by the court here not any decree entered here.
Deering & Co.’s men, numbering 1,800 returned
today. Their wages had been from $2 to
$2.50 per day. Eight thousand bricks
a day’s work. The men demanded that
6,400 constitute a day’s work. The
employers wanted to compromise on 7,000.
The men seemed willing to accept, but the union was not and
strike. A yard owner said that if the
men’s demand was granted the public would be compelled to pay the
Quiet reigns in the vicinity of the McCormick
works. A body of police is on guard and
afraid to venture neat the works or interfere with the new employees.
The Knights of Labor are endeavoring to effect a
between the lumbermen and their employers.
The mill owners will probably start their mills on Monday
whether or not
a settlement is made. Trouble may then
occur if the strikers do not return to work, though little fear is
The police allege that the incendiary circular
on the night of the shooting was written and ordered by Adolph Fischer,
chief lieutenant of August Spies. He
worked at the case in the Abeiter Zeitung
office, and is a tall, rawboned Anarchists, upon whom the police found
three-edged knife and a pair of revolvers.
The police claim that Fischer is a director of the Socialistic
Publishing Company and performed the dangerous work of the office. He and the other Anarchists will be given a
hearing tomorrow morning on a writ of habeas corpus.
The Anarchists intend to deny that any
dynamite was found in the Arbeiter
The police relief fund now amounts to over $35,000. Among the subscriptions received today was
one of $500 from Deacon S.V. White, of Wall Street.
Twenty of the Arbeiter Zeitung’s printers, who
and held for indictment as accessories to the murders committed by the
Anarchists on Tuesday night have been discharged. It
has been decided not to prosecute them.
William Stahlknecht, the President of the
Cabinetmakers’ Union and a
professional agitator, was arrested at an
early hour this morning on a warrant issued by Justice Brayton. Stahlknecht is accused of intimidating workmen. The arrest was made near the house of the
accused, and the private detective who with a knife.
Stahlknecht has incurred the enmity of the
Furniture Manufacturers’ Association by inciting strikes and preventing
from conferring with their employers. It
is alleged that he participated in Tuesday night’s demonstration at the