[May 20, 1886]
BEFORE THE GRAND JURY.
THE TAKING OF TESTIMONY BEGUN IN THE DYNAMITE CASE.
witness was G.P. English, a reporter, who testified that he took
notes of the speeches made by Spies, Parsons, and Fielden at the
Twitchell, a dealer in patent medicines living at
Mr. St. Maur, the editor of Truth, was called for the purpose of ascertaining, if possible, the authorship of certain inflammatory articles which appeared in recent issues of that journal. It is understood that Mr. St. Maur denied all knowledge of the authorship of the articles.
Whiting Allen and W.H. Freeman, reporters, repeated in substance their testimony given at the Coroner’s inquest on the death of Officer Degan, and in the afternoon Paul Huli and T.M. Brazelton, reporters, gave similar testimony, Mr. Huli describing in detail the scene of the tragedy, the approach of the police, and the throwing of the bomb. Like his fellow-reporters, however, he was unable to enlighten the jury as to the identity of the perpetrator of the initial act of violence.
Capt. Bonfield, who was in command of the policemen who were made the objects of the Anarchists’ venomous spite, followed Mr. Freeman as a witness before the jury and narrated the sickening details of the conflict between the police and the mob. He testified that no shots were fired on either side until the bomb was exploded among the officers, but that immediately after the explosion a heavy volley was poured in by the mob, which had surged from in front of the police to the pavement on either side and around to the rear of the force. The police returned the fire as soon as they had recovered from their confusion. Capt. Bonfield said the officers made no threatening demonstrations when they first appeared upon the scene.
The jury adjourned for forty-five minutes for dinner, and resumed their investigation at
witness called at the afternoon session was one Kerndle, who is in the
of the City Water Department. This
witness, it is said, testified that he saw a machinist, whose name is
talking with Spies and Schwab at the haymarket the evening of the
tragedy. Witness watched the trio closely
and saw them
The jury regard Mr. Kerndle’s testimony as important, especially in connection with that of M.M. Thompson, which followed, in which Mr. Thompson described a certain person – not Fischer—who was with Schwab and Spies during the early part of the evening. It is stated that Kerndle was able to give the machinist’s name from having once been a Socialist and becoming acquainted with the more violent of the Anarchist agitators and their aids.
Mr. Thompson’s testimony has already been published in THE TRIBUNE. He gave no new information. He left the scene of the riot before the bomb was thrown.
Capt. Ward of the Desplaines Street Station corroborated the descriptive testimony of Capt. Bonfield. Lieut. Steele offered testimony of similar purport. Detectives Louis Hans, Edward Cosgrove, and James Duffy of the Central Station testified mainly in the way of opinions formed from close observation of the Anarchists on and before the evening of the riot. Detective Reuben Slayton’s testimony was confined principally to the details of his arrest of Fischer while the latter was attempting to escape from the Arbeiter-Zeitung office. He introduced in evidence before the jury a file sharpened at the point and hilted like a dagger, and a revolver of good-sized pattern. These were the accoutrements of Fischer at the time of his arrest.
Detective Tim McKeough overheard a conversation between two conspirators in the haymarket. The witness was in the crowd in disguise that night expecting to hear something in the nature of a plot. He was one of the men who overheard this conversation between Fielden and August Spies: “Will one be enough?”
“Yes, one will be plenty; one will do the work.”
Spies and Fielden were called into the detectives’ office separately after the riot and asked about the above question and answer. Both said that the talk was about the sending of an orator to make a speech at Deering the next day.
Detective Jones assisted Officer Slayton in arresting Fischer. Fischer was ugly and the officers had to act promptly to prevent him from injuring them.
Barney Flynn was one of the detectives stationed outside the Arbeiter-Zeitung office when Fischer was arrested.
The testimony of the reporters was not quite as satisfactory as the prosecution would wish. With the exception of Mr. English they did not take notes of the speeches. They wrote a few hours afterwards from memory. The general impression left by the speeches the night of the bomb-throwing was that the speeches were more violent than at any other time. Mr. Allen was questioned at considerable length on this point. He had reported several Anarchist speeches. The speeches of the night of the 4th of May were more violent. In his opinion they were incitements to riot. There was an appearance that they tended to promote violence that night. The impression made on him was that the speakers anticipated that trouble would follow. The other reporters were questioned principally as to what was said and not as to the tendency. On the question as to who first used their revolvers—the policemen or the rioters—the reporters were agreed except as to Mr. Brazelton, who seemed to think that the police were the first to open fire after the bomb had been thrown. The other reporters agreed that the rioters fired almost simultaneously with the bursting of the bomb while it was about three-quarters of a minute before the police could draw their weapons. They wore their belts, and that prevented their readily handling their weapons. They were somewhat stunned by the explosion into the bargain. The testimony of the reporters on this point with the exception above quoted was clear and full. Nothing new was adduced by the police officers. They simply repeated the testimony given before the Coroner’s jury.
At the jury took an adjournment until this morning.
Ling is a small, slight man, with a rather repulsive cast of countenance. He wears a light mustache and a thick head of light hair brushed squarely back à la Pompadour. There is a queer curve to his upper lip which gives his month an expression very similar to that of Spies, and heightens the disagreeable impression he is apt to create in the beholder. His eyes are cold and lusterless, reflecting nothing that is attractive. His clothes are lamentably ragged, one sleeve being torn completely asunder from wrist to elbow, the result, probably, of scuffling with his captors. His cell is about eight feet square, with the usual stone flooring, whitewashed walls, and scanty furniture. He spends the greater part of his time in drawing on the alls with charcoal. His artistic tastes, as will be readily believed, run in a martial channel. His works consist chiefly of figures of men armed to the teeth putting to flight other men who may or may not be meant for policemen. He has also written several mottoes above and below his pictures in German, which, being translated, read: “Long Live the Revolution,” “If the law catches (or has caught) me I shall have to suffer,” etc., etc.
Thomas Redden of Desplaines Street Station, the sixth victim of the
deviltry at Haymarket square, was buried yesterday at
William Marvin, charged with riot, had his case continued in $500 bonds until Saturday next by Justice C.J. White. It is said that a number of officers and others will testify that he was one of the most active and dangerous of those creating the recent troubles around McCormick’s factory. Ever since the assault on the factory he has been looked for, but managed to escape arrest until the night before last.
imprisoned Anarchists, who are charged with the wholesale butchery on
to time since the night of the haymarket tragedy different newspapers
throughout the country have contained dispatches of a more or less
blood-curdling description purporting to come from