10 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION AS RATIFIED BY THE
Congress shall make
law respecting an establishment of
religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the
of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to
and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
A well regulated
being necessary to the security
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall
No Soldier shall,
of peace be quartered in any house,
without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner
be prescribed by law.
The right of the
to be secure in their persons, houses,
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall
not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause,
supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place
to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be
to answer for a capital, or otherwise
infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury,
except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia,
when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any
be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or
limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness
himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due
of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without
In all criminal
prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State
district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district
have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the
and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses
him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor,
to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
In suits at common
where the value in controversy shall
exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved,
no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any Court of
the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
be required, nor excessive fines
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The enumeration in
Constitution, of certain rights, shall
not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not
to the United States by the Constitution,
nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States
or to the people.